Needed Transportation Reforms in Boulder Colorado

Transportation recommendations for Boulder, informed by my 38 years of academic and professional work in transportation, 9 years of living in Boulder, and 5 years on the Boulder Transportation Advisory Board. Click here for my bio sketch.

By Dom Nozzi

   If you plan cities for cars and traffic, you get cars and traffic. If you plan for people and places, you get people and places. – Fred Kent

Header for Bldr Transport Reforms blog site

 

Executive Summary

  • We need to give our staff permission to use their vast knowledge to solve problems.
  • Boulder is far from being able to “rest on its laurels.” Even in Boulder, there are a shockingly large number of transportation reforms that are essential if Boulder is to have a chance to achieve important transportation and quality of life objectives. Indeed, Boulder is surprisingly behind the times when compared to a great many other communities when it comes to transportation.
  • The key to achieving transportation goals is not providing new (or more) transit, bicycle and pedestrian facilities. It is taking away space,  subsidies and speed for car travel, as well as shortening travel distances. Those things are best done by shrinking the size of roads, intersections, and parking (and providing parking more efficiently). It also meansDouble-Left Turn Intersection 2 Pearl n 28th by Dom Nozzi fairly increasing the cost of driving, and incentivizing more compact and walkable mixed-use housing.
  • Car transportation is a zero-sum game. Yet Boulder seems to behave as if it is win-win. Boulder cannot have it both ways. The City cannot simultaneously promote high levels of walking, bicycling and transit use while at the same time promoting easy, convenient and high speed car travel. It is essential to recognize and manage the negative feedback loop of the travel time budget, the triple convergence, and induced trips. For example, designing streets to increase car speed, or promote free-flowing traffic, results in increased community dispersal because travelers have an internal “travel time budget” that compels us to allocate a given amount of travel time to our daily routine.
  • Placemaking becomes impossible when we oversize roads, intersections, setbacks, turning radii, and parking areas. By designing for the large scale of the motor vehicle, Boulder loses its sense of place, and moves toward becoming more like a Phoenix than an Amsterdam.

 

Dom Nozzi’s Suggested Transportation Reforms

  • Boulder is not being effective in achieving its most important transportation objectives. Read more…
  • The most important transportation objectives for Boulder are to (1) improve transportation safety (with the ultimate goal of reaching “Vision Zero”), (2) reduce air/carbon emissions from cars, and (3) shift substantially more car trips to non-car trips (walking, bicycling, and transit).

Safety

  • While I am extremely supportive of a Vision Zero objective Boulder has recently proposed, the strategies being proposed by Boulder are little more than tweaks to the same old, ineffective strategies that Boulder and most all other US cities have tried now for the past century: More warning paint. More (or revised) warning lighting. More warVision Zero2ning signs. More warning education. More warning enforcement. It has not worked in the past. And will continue to not work in the future. After a century of doubling down on these strategies every few years, our roads are in many ways far more dangerous than they have ever been.

Reducing car emissions and increasing non-car travel

  • Too much effort is being directed at promoting better (usually electric or self-driving) cars, which makes it seem like dirty or unsafe or inefficient cars are the only (or at least primary) problem we have with cars. Yet despite the increase in better cars in Boulder, citizens here continue to have a very large and negative per capita impact on the environment. More compact cities with lower numbers of cars, by contrast, have less impact.
  • Boulder has plateaued in shifting people from cars to bicycling, walking, and transit, and there are still far, far too many per capita trips by car.
  • Self-driving cars are an alleged silver bullet that too many believe will be a sufficient means of solving most or all of our traffic woes. Not only will they not solve more than a tiny fraction of our transportation problems if they become a large part of the percentage of cars on the road, but such cars are also an unfortunate distraction when we have so many important, effective transportation tactics that are languishing for lack of strong advocacy.

What are the effective tactics Boulder is not using?

Primary Tactics

  • In Town Center Boulder, Strive for Slow Car Speeds, Not Free-Flowing Cars. Equating free-flow traffic and easy parking with quality of life is counterproductive, yet seduces many of us into thinking it is the way forward. Read more…
  • Free-Flowing Car Traffic Increases Air Emissions and Fuel Consumption. Boulder has strongly bought into the societal myth that free-flowing car traffic reduces air emissions and fuel consumption. Many studies have debunked this conventional wisdom over the past several decades. Read more…
  • A Better Future for Boulder is About Reducing Excessive Driving Advantages, Not More Money for Bike Lanes, Sidewalks, or Transit. Boulder has spent decades emphasizing the provision of more bike lanes, sidewalks, and transit as a way to promote more non-car travel, but as exemplified by the lack of success in increasing non-car travel for a great many years, this “supply-side” tactic is well known by both practitioners and researchers to be almost entirely ineffective – particularly if land use densities are low and car parking is underpriced and abundant. Read more…
  • Incentivize Infilling Unused or Underused Town Center Property. The numberInfill in Ithaca NY one sign of a healthy city is one where land use is intensifying or becoming more efficiently and compactly used. Oddly, many in Boulder believe the opposite. Read more…
  • Hostile Streets Should be Re-Designed to be Safe for All Forms of Travel. Even though Boulder’s path system is extensive, paths reach only a tiny fraction of destinations in Boulder. The city also has a street system that is among the most hostile and dangerous for bicyclists and pedestrians of smaller cities in the US. This is not a coincidence, as the City has put so much emphasis on the off-street system that it is not putting sufficient emphasis on creating complete streets. If Boulder is serious about creating conditions that are friendly and safe for bicycling and walking, it must not rely so heavily on the off-street path system. An (expensive) example of the hostility and “car only” nature of Boulder roadways is the frequent use of underpasses and overpasses for cyclists and pedestrians. Read more…
  • Stop Requiring Excess Off-Street Parking. Convert minimum parkingExcessive Bldr Parking July 2015 requirements to maximum parking requirements (particularly in the town center and other transit-rich, compact locations). Parking requirements, as Donald Shoup points out, are a fertility drug for cars. Read more…
  • Reform Design Construction Standards. Design construction standards specify the dimensions and geometries of city street and intersection design. Because these standards tend to promote convenient, high-speed car travel, they substantially Design Construction Stdsundermine several important city objectives, such as promoting bicycle, pedestrian, and car safety, and increasing the number of bicycling and walking trips. In particular, “forgiving” street design should be eliminated.
  • One-Way Streets Are Toxic for Town Center Boulder. Convert one-way streets back to two-way in the Boulder town center. According to one researcher, “One of the worst things that happened in a lot of American cities was the implementation of a one-way street network in downtown areas that created corridors for moving in and out of the city as rapidly as possible. We’re seeing a movement now where cities like South Bend, Indiana, are going back in a different direction and that is part of what I would consider network thinking.” Several cities throughout the nation are converting one-way streets in their town center back to their original two-way operation. Read more…
  • “Vision Zero.” This laudable Boulder program strives for zero traffic deaths or serious traffic injuries. However, the Boulder program seems to be the same old song and dance that Boulder and most every other American city have beenroad warning signs engaged in to “improve” traffic safety for the past century: More safety signs, more (changes to) safety lights, more safety education, more safety paint, more enforcement to promote safety. Such campaigns border on being patronizing. Traffic safety education is a form of victim-blaming. If we are serious about achieving “Vision Zero,” we need to design our streets to obligate motorists to drive more slowly and more attentively. Boulder is not now politically ready to seriously strive to attain Vision Zero. Therefore, the City should suspend the Vision Zero goal until it is ready to deploy the tactics necessary to actually reach Vision Zero. The 30th Street, Canyon, East Arapahoe, Colorado, and Iris projects should also be suspended for the same reason. Read more…
  • Free parking for retail or services shops in Boulder is not “free.” Those “free” parking spaces — which are provided only for the benefit of motorists — are not truly free because they are indirectly paid by shoppers who buy products and services within the shops at an artificially elevated price that allows the business or Free Parkingproperty owners to pay for the purchase and maintenance of the parking. By unfairly passing on this cost, Boulder is less affordable. This hidden cost is passed on to all shoppers, even those who arrive by walking, bicycling or transit. Read more…
  • Better Manage the Influx of In-Commuters to Boulder. Boulder needs to better address the issue of the large number of regional car commuters coming into Boulder.  Read more…
  • End the Use of Traffic Level of Service (LOS) as a MeasureRevisit the Transportation Master Plan objective limiting congestion to no more than 20 percent of road mileage (or even a general, non-numeric objective to reduce congestion). This objective undermines several Hi Car LOS 3important Boulder objectives (quality of life, compactness, affordability, transport choice, etc.). Better measures include adopting a bike/pedestrian/transit LOS, per capita vehicle miles traveled (VMT), land use LOS (what is the health of development along a street?), or person LOS (PLOS, which favors forms of travel that most efficiently uses street and intersection space). Read more…
  • Repurpose Broadway and Canyon in the Town Center. Humanize Canyon and Broadway in the Boulder town center by repurposing them (removing excess travel road diet before and afterlanes). Convert these and other stroads (30th , Pearl Parkway, and East Arapahoe)  into streets. Read more…
  • Double-Left Turn Lanes Should be Phased Out. Read more…
  • Focus on Reducing the Need for Car Trips and Parking. Per capita vehicle miles traveled (VMT) for a proposed development project and total quantity of free parking in the community are excellent proxies for quality of life changes over time. Read more…
  • Recognize that Street Design Can Profoundly Promote Undesirable Land Use. It appears that Boulder believes that street design occurs in a

double left turn lane and slip ln intersection (hostile road) bouldervacuum and does not shape land uses adjacent to the street or in the region. This view, to the extent that it exists, is mistaken. When Boulder or Boulder County add or maintain excessive numbers of travel lanes (ie, widen a road or keeps a road at an excessive width), land uses adjacent to the road become much less hospitable to residences or retail due to the hostile, noisy, high-speed nature of the newly widened road. Read more…

  • Control Town Center Parking. Conduct an annual inventory of the quantity of parking spaces in the Boulder town center, and couple that with a goal to incrementally reduce that number. Parking in the Boulder town center should be more efficiently provided by generously allowing the sharing of parking, fee-in-lieu parking, and leased parking (public ownership of parking). I have written more about town center parking here.
  • Create an Urban to Rural Transect. Designate “walkable/compact” and “drivable” zones in Boulder so we can apply “walkable” policies fairly and appropriately (ie, eco-pass, reduced setbacks, mixed use, higher densities, taller buildings, parkingRural to Urban Transect Sandy Sorlien maximum instead of minimum, etc., and slower speed design) in the “walkable” zone.
  • Create More Equity in Transportation Funding. To increase transportation funding equity, more effectively achieve Boulder transportation and quality of life objectives, and diversify funding, establish or enhance one or more of the following: (1) a Vehicle Miles Traveled fee; (2) a more comprehensive market-based priced parking program; (3) priced roads; (4) pay-at-the-pump car insurance; (5) weight-based vehicle fees; (6) gas taxes; (7) mileage-based registration fee; and (8) a mileage-based emission fee. If possible, make such new taxes/fees revenue neutral by reducing or eliminating other fees/taxes when the new user fee is instituted. I have written more about toll roads here.
  • Promote Affordable Housing With Land Use Policies. Increase affordable housing by creating land use patterns which reduce the number of cars aADU 2 household must own (ADUs, mixed use, higher occupancy limits, unbundled parking, cash-out parking, etc). I have written more about affordable housing here. Read more…
  • Create More Housing and Mixed Use in Boulder Town Centers. Read more…
  • Minimize the Size of Service Vehicles. Keep service vehicles relatively small so that large vehicles don’t obligate engineers to design street dimensions to the point of over-sizing such dimensions. I have written more about service vehicles here  Read more…
  • Start Creating Slow, Attentive Streets. Use traffic calming tactics to create “slow” or “shared” streets in Boulder. In particular, use road and lane diets, much moreShared street on-street parking, and “Give-Way” street design. Phase out “forgiving” street design from City street design manuals.
  • Slip Lanes and Conventional Right Turn Lanes Don’t Belong in the Town Center. Read more…
  • Improve the Safety, Beauty, and Livability of Streets with Raised Medians. Install raised, landscaped medians and turn pockets where continuous left-turn raised median2lanes are found (unless they are necessary for emergency vehicle response), such as East Pearl Street, Broadway (Meadow to US 36), and Arapahoe Ave. Read more…
  • Openly Acknowledge that Car Travel is a Zero-Sum Game. Transportation decisions should be guided by the premise that improvements for car travel and parking, and the absence of motorist user fees, induce new car trips and nearly always reduce travel by walking, bicycling and transit. Conversely, making roads and intersections modest in size, and adopting motorist user fees, reduce car trips – particularly low-value car trips.
  • Nurture More Community Buy-In. Boulder does not have the political will to support a large number of essential, effective tactics for achieving the many safety, affordability, and quality of life objectives. Strategies to nurture more community buy-in can include such things as (1) a speaker series; (2) conducting urban design charrettes for proposed projects; (3) a more visible campaign to publicize trends in such things as per capita VMT; (4) a crisis (such as a surge in traffic deaths) that can be leveraged as an opportunity to enact reform, or can be used as a “teaching moment;” and (5) the construction of demonstration projects. Each of these are an important way to obtain more community support for needed tactics.

Secondary Tactics

  • Institute the “Idaho Law” in Boulder. As is done statewide in Idaho and a few towns in Colorado, allow bicyclists to treat stop signs as yield signs and red lights asidaho-stops stop signs. The vast majority of bicyclists already do the first part, and do it quite safely. Cyclists should be treated like responsible adults rather than naïve children, in other words. Read more…
  • TAB Needs to Clarify Its Priorities. Each Transportation Advisory Board (TAB) member should submit their list of top 10 or 20 transportation issues for other TAB members and staff to be aware of. Read more…
  • Improve Public Engagement by Using a Stylebook for Communication. Adopt an Unbiased and Plain English Stylebook for Boulder staff to use for written and oral communication. This is necessary because the City of Boulder regularly uses highly biased language, and confusing jargon that is very difficult for citizens to understand. And that is highly detrimental to public engagement in Boulder. I have written a sample Stylebook here. Read more…
  • The Neighborhood Parking Permit Program (NPP) Should be Replaced. TheNeighborhood parking permit Neighborhood Parking Permit (NPP) program is clumsy, complicated, convoluted, crude, often results in under-use of on-street parking, and makes it too easy for people to cheat (by, for example, selling their permits). Read more…
  • TAB Should Be Explicitly Allowed to Make Land Use Recommendations. Read more…
  • Sponsor a Transportation Speaker Series. Read more…
  • TAB Should Be More Proactive. Clarify that TAB members are encouraged to be proactive, rather than simply reacting as a rubber stamp to staff proposals. Read more…
  • TAB Should Maintain a Priority State Lobby List. Read more…
  • Revise the Messaging of the “5 E’s”. Read more…
  • Be Very Careful About Synchronizing Traffic Stop Signals. Signals shall be timed for the speed of buses and bicyclists, not cars. Read more…
  • Discourage Excessive Provision of Parking for Cars with Taxation. Tax business parking spaces to create a financial incentive for businesses to minimize parking and promote non-car commuting by employees.
  • Stop Inflating Bicycling Rates. Boulder tends to exaggerate the level of bicycle commuting. Claiming that 15 to 20 percent of all trips are by bicycle is way above reality. Exaggerating the level of bicycling allows the City to dishonestly pat itself on the back for engaging in polices or installing facilities that have created high levels of bicycling. The City therefore has a tendency to rest on its laurels and be less aggressive about needed transportation reforms. See more…
  • On Hostile Streets, Sidewalk Bicycling Should Be Allowed. Revise the law that prohibits bicycling on sidewalks of commercial streets (Canyon and Broadway are far too hostile for bicycling on the street). Read more…Dangerous driveway lip at Ideal Market, Dec 2017
  • Remove Dangerous Lips on Ramps. Grind to smooth the driveway and sidewalk ramps that have lips. Read more…
  • Inverted-U Should be the Only Allowable Bike Parking Design. Only allow Inverted-U bike parking (or minor variations), and specify required spacing as well as required height for such parking. Bike parking at the main Boulder library (and several other locations in the city) should be converted to Inverted-U and inverted u bike parkingsignificantly increased in number (as those racks are regularly at or above capacity). Read more…

 

Conclusion

It is too easy and too distracting

  • Relatively wealthy Boulder city government has allowed the City to over-rely on politically easy tactics (more off-street paths, bike lanes, sidewalks, buses) to show citizens it is trying to solve transportation problems. To a great extent, the City rests on its laurels by pointing to the grossly inflated bicycling rates, and buys into the societal narrative that dirty or unsafe or inefficient cars are the only problem with cars.
  • Too little effort is therefore directed toward the tactics I list above.
  • Much of my tenure on TAB, for example, has featured a lot on green or clean or self-driving cars, and installing bike paths, and pretty much nothing on the tactics I mention.
  • I don’t mean to suggest that we need to “get rid of all cars” or make motorists feel guilty about driving a car. I acknowledge that some car travel is important and even acceptable in our society. But because the car, in my view, is the enemy of a healthy city, it should not feel easy or low cost to drive a car. Driving needs to be more rare. And feel more inconvenient. Boulder needs to stop pampering car travel in its long-standing, counterproductive win-win efforts.
  • Yes, it is politically difficult to do those things. But as Joseph Riley, the long-admired mayor of Charleston SC has wisely pointed out, to achieve excellence should be a struggle.
  • Boulder has too often opted for the politically easy (and ineffective) ways to address its transportation problems. Boulder continues to opt to use the strategy of buying things. It is not effective to achieve Boulder’s important transportation objectives by buying things.
  • It is way past time to have Boulder get serious about pursuing effective tactics. A lot of people have died or have been seriously injured on Boulder roads over the past few years. If we are a humane community, we have an obligation to take action. We have an equally strong obligation to reduce transportation-based carbon emissions (mostly by shifting a lot of car trips to non-car trips).

I deeply regret that only a vanishingly small amount of my above recommendations were advanced during my time on the Boulder Transportation Advisory Board. Indeed, one of my most important suggestions — road diets — took a giant step backwards.

We know what works, so let’s get it done. Even though doing so will be a struggle.

Dom Nozzi’s Bio-Sketch.

 

References for this report

 

More blogs by Dom Nozzi about Boulder Transportation

Top Priorities for the Boulder Colorado City Council in 2020

Chiming in on a Neighborhood Discussion About Growth, Development, and Transportation

Is Traffic Congestion a “Disease”?

Dinosaur Politics in Boulder

Do Electric Vehicles Solve Most (or All) Societal Transportation Problems?

Boulder’s Low Rates of Bicycling

Some Reasons Why Boulder is Not a Bicycle Heaven Like Utrecht in The Netherlands

The Many Benefits of Higher Density Development Patterns

How to Make Boulder a Walking City

Boulder is at the Point of No Return Regarding Car Travel

Gaining Support for Walkable Urbanism and the Threat to Cities

Was Boulder More Enlightened in the Past?

Improving Bicycling in Boulder Colorado

The Charming Italian Tradition of the Passeggiata— the Nightly Community Stroll

Boulder’s Outdated Progressive-ism on Transportation and Land Use

The Colossal Blunder of 800 New Parking Spaces at Eldora Ski Resort

Suggestions for Boulder City Council Priorities for 2020

Affordable Housing in Boulder CO

30th Street and Colorado Avenue Redesign: Boulder CO is Not Ready

Will Boulder’s Traffic Safety Program Be Effective?

My Comments Regarding Vision Zero in Boulder Colorado

What Tools Can Be Used in Boulder to Create More Affordable Housing? (Uploaded to this site 2/20/20)

A Squandered Opportunityat Boulder Junction (Uploaded to this site 2/17/20)

Should We Stop Growth or Promote Quality Development in Boulder CO? (Uploaded to this site 2/13/20)

Response to an Editorial by the Editor of the Boulder CO Newspaper (Uploaded to this site 2/9/20)

Reducing Car Trips in Boulder CO (Uploaded to this site 2/5/20)

Behind the Times: Making It Difficult to Walk or Bicycle in Boulder CO (Uploaded to this site 2/3/20)

Another example of Boulder Colorado being behind the times on transportation (Uploaded to this site 1/30/20)

Redesigning North Broadway (Uploaded to this site 1/28/20)

Boulder Shows It Still Doesn’t Get It on Proposed Road Widening of Arapahoe Avenue (Uploaded to this site 1/20/2020)

Boulder Junction Compared to Amsterdam (Uploaded to this site 12/23/19)

Boulder, Colorado Traffic Safety is Ineffective and Behind the Times (Uploaded to this site 12/23/19)

Is Boulder in Danger of Becoming Too Dense? (Uploaded to this site 12/19/19)

Redeveloping the Boulder Community Hospital Site (Uploaded to this site 11/28/19)

A Better Transportation Future for Boulder, Colorado (Uploaded to this site 11/25/19)

Traffic Safety in Boulder (Uploaded to this site 11/21/19)

Managing Parking at the Trailhead development in Boulder, Colorado (Uploaded to this site 11/18/19)

Traffic Safety Suggestions for the Boulder, Colorado Mayor (Uploaded to this site 11/14/19)

Bicycling in Boulder (Uploaded to this site 11/11/19)

Improving Traffic Safety in Boulder, Colorado (Uploaded to this site 11/7/19)

Bicycling in the Boulder, Colorado Town Center (Uploaded to this site 11/4/19)

Quality of Life in Boulder, Colorado (Uploaded to this site 10/31/19)

Letter to Council on Right-Sizing Folsom Street in Boulder Colorado (Uploaded to this site 10/28/19)

Fixing Transportation Problems with Pricing in Boulder Colorado (Uploaded to this site 10/24/19)

Bean Counting is Bad for Boulder (Uploaded to this site 10/21/19)

Boulder Struggles with Too Many Jobs (Uploaded to this site 10/17/19)

Boulder NIMBYs Make Boulder Quality of Life Worse (Uploaded to this site 10/14/19)

Removing Travel Lanes in Boulder Colorado (Uploaded to this site 10/10/19)

The Junior Academy (Trailhead) Residential Project at the 2600-block of 4th Street in Boulder Colorado (Uploaded to this site 10/7/19)

Stopping Growth: Development Politics in Boulder Colorado (Uploaded to this site 10/3/19)

Is Boulder CO Too Crowded? (Uploaded to this site 9/30/19)

Promoting Free-Flowing Traffic is a Bad Idea for Boulder Colorado (Uploaded to this site 9/23/19)

A Transportation Vision for Boulder (Uploaded to this site 9/16/19)

Gigantism Versus a “Small Town Feel” in Boulder, Colorado (Uploaded to this site 9/12/19)

Neighborhood Parking Permits in Boulder, Colorado? (Uploaded to this site 9/9/19)

Housing Affordability Crisis in Boulder (Uploaded to this site 9/5/19)

Should Boulder Prohibit Bicycling on Sidewalks? (Uploaded to this site 9/3/19)

Making the Boulder Comprehensive Housing Strategy Less Controversial (Uploaded to this site 8/18/19)

Right-Sizing a Road is Right for Boulder (Uploaded to this site 8/8/19)

The Many Transportation Reforms Needed in Boulder, Colorado (Uploaded to this site 8/5/19)

Ramps Needing Grinding/Smoothing in the Boulder CO Town Center (Uploaded to this site 8/1/19)

The Shocking Number of Street Segments in Town Center Boulder that are Off-Limits to Bicyclists (uploaded to this site 7/29/19)

Gigantism: Is Boulder’s Future Green or Grey? (uploaded to this site 7/25/19)

Is Tolling a Good Idea for US 36 Between Denver to Boulder? (uploaded to this site 7/22/19)

The Suburban, Car-Based Lifestyle Has No Future (uploaded to this site 7/18/19)

The Poison Pill of Requiring New and Relatively Affordable Housing to Provide Off-Street Parking (uploaded to this site 7/15/19)

The Failure and Unpopularity of Modernist Architecture (uploaded to this site 7/11/19)

Moses and Modernism and Motor Vehicles (uploaded to this site 7/8/19)

An Important Cause of the “No Growth” Movement (uploaded to this site 7/4/19)

Is It Fair to Refer to Motorists as “Carbarians“? (uploaded to this site 7/1/19)

The Case Against the Colorado Transportation Sales Tax on the November 2018 Ballot (uploaded to this site 6/27/19)

The Backlash Against Road Diets (uploaded to this site 6/24/19)

The Death of Celebration (uploaded to this site 6/20/19)

Too Little Open Space? (uploaded to this site 6/10/19)

Maximum Height for Buildings in Smaller Cities (uploaded to this site 6/6/19)

The Importance of Easy Access to Natural Areas (uploaded to this site 6/3/19)

One Size Does Not Fit All (uploaded to this site 5/30/19)

The Impact of Road Widening on the Local Economy (uploaded to this site 5/27/19)

Converting a Shopping Center into a Walkable Village (uploaded to this site 5/23/19)

A War on Cars? (uploaded to this site 5/20/19)

Bicycle Helmets and Recruiting New Bicyclists: Are Bicycle Helmets Counterproductive? (uploaded to this site 5/16/19)

Stopping Growth in Boulder Colorado (uploaded to this site 5/13/19)

The Indirect Opposition to Affordable Housing in Boulder Colorado (uploaded to this site 5/9/19)

Lessons Boulder Colorado Needs to Learn (uploaded to this site 5/7/19)

Boulder, Colorado is in the Dark Ages with Its Transportation and Land Use Policies (uploaded to this site 5/2/19)

Speeding in Boulder, Colorado (uploaded to this site 4/29/19)

Boulder’s Most Needed Transportation Reforms (uploaded to this site 4/25/19)

Sounding the Alarm for Traffic Safety in Boulder (uploaded to this site 4/22/19)

How to Better Manage the Influx of In-Commuters to Boulder (uploaded to this site 4/4/19)

Primary Concerns about the Boulder CO Draft Transportation Plan (uploaded to this site 4/1/19)

It Is Time to Put Boulder’s Road Safety Plans on Hold (uploaded to this site 3/28/19)

Boulder and Vision Zero (uploaded to this site 3/25/19)

Is Enthusiasm a Four-Letter Word? (uploaded to this site 3/21/19)

Anti-City and Anti-Environment (uploaded to this site 3/18/19)

Phoenix or Siena? Do We Reduce Environmental Impact By Stopping Growth? Or Ensuring Growth is Better?

The Emperor is Wearing No Clothes: Exposing Town Planning for the Ruinous Travesty It Has Become. (uploaded to this site 2/21/19)

Green Cars are Nowhere Near the Complete Solution (uploaded to this site 2/18/19)

Protecting “Neighborhood Character” Through NIMBYism? (uploaded to this site 2/11/19)

The Future for Transportation (uploaded to this site 2/7/19)

Why Can’t an Enlightened City Move Away from Happy Motoring? (uploaded to this site 2/4/19)

Does Transportation Drive Land Use? (uploaded to this site 1/31/19)

The Time to Prioritize Transportation Safety Is Now (uploaded to this site 1/28/19)

NIMBY Screamers Are Their Own Worst Enemies (uploaded to this site 1/24/19)

Free-Flowing Traffic: Desirous or Ruinous? (uploaded to this site 1/21/19)

Why Are Mom and Pop Stores So Scarce? (uploaded to this site 1/17/19)

Why Are Traffic Deaths So Barbarically High? (uploaded to this site 1/10/19)

The Fruits of NIMBYism, Part II (uploaded to this site 1/7/19)

Will Open Space Make a Town Center Better? (uploaded to this site 1/2/19)

Transportation Comments in Advance of My Leaving for a Trip to Europe (uploaded to this site 12/31/18)

Fighting Against What is Wanted (uploaded to this site 12/27/18)

Effective Education Tactics for Sustainable Transportation (uploaded to this site 12/24/18)

No Growthers and the Double Standard (uploaded to this site 12/20/18)

Should We Require Greenspace in Front of a Large Building in a Town Center? (uploaded to this site 12/17/18)

What Do I Think of the Diverging Diamond Interchange? (uploaded to this site 12/13/18)

An Important Cause of the “No-Growth” Movement (uploaded to this site 12/11/18)

Is Traffic Calming Unsafe? (uploaded to this site 12/10/18)

Promoting Traffic Safety (uploaded to this site 12/6/18)

Reforming Parking (uploaded to this site 12/3/18)

Traffic Congestion and Parking (uploaded to this site 11/29/18)

The Growth Ponzi Scheme (uploaded to this site 11/22/18)

Do People Inevitably Ruin Pleasant Places? (uploaded to this site 11/19/18)

Oversizing Our Community (uploaded to this site 11/15/18)

What are the Obstacles to Making Our Streets Safer? (uploaded to this site 11/12/18)

Human Scale in Urban Design (uploaded to this site 11/8/18)

Is It a Good Idea to Build Walkable Developments in Greenfields? (uploaded to this site 11/5/18)

The Consensus on Making Cars Happy (uploaded to this site 11/1/18)

Boulder is in the Dark Ages with Its Transportation and Land Use Policies (uploaded to this site 10/30/18)

On Being Attacked for Posting on Article Discounting the Alleged Benefits of Bicycle Helmets (uploaded to this site 10/29/18)

About Traffic Congestion and Bicyclists at Intersections (uploaded to this site 10/25/18)

Vested Interests in Drivable Suburbia or Compact Development (uploaded to this site 10/22/18)

The Appropriateness of Nature in Cities (uploaded to this site 10/18/18)

How Libertarians are Ruining Cities with Their Hypocritical Views (uploaded to this site 10/11/18)

The Frustration Syndrome (uploaded to this site 10/8/18)

Improving Safety for Bicyclists and Our Future Prospects (uploaded to this site 10/4/18)

Using a Car Level of Service Standard is Counterproductive (uploaded to this site 10/1/18)

Maximum Height for Buildings? (uploaded to this site 9/27/18)

Urbanism is the New Green (uploaded to this site 9/24/18)

Getting Around Without a Car (uploaded to this site 9/20/18)

Speeding in Boulder (uploaded to this site 9/17/18)

Boulder’s Most Needed Transportation Reforms (uploaded to this site 9/17/18)

What is causing the Fierce Opposition to Right-Sizing on Folsom Street? (uploaded to this site 9/17/18)

What’s with the Double Standard on Right-Sizing a Road? (uploaded to this site 9/13/18)

War on Cars? (uploaded to this site 8/2/18)

The Persistent Difficulty in Creating Walkable, Lovable Places (uploaded to this site 7/30/18)

The Folly of Double-Left Turn Lanes (uploaded to this site 7/26/18)

Elephants in the Room on “First and Last Mile” (uploaded to this site 7/24/18)

Should the Boulder Transportation Plan Seek to Reduce Traffic Congestion? (uploaded to this site 7/23/18)

Transportation is Destiny: Design for Happy People, Not Happy Cars (uploaded to this site 7/19/18)

Motorists Should Feel Inconvenienced. (uploaded to this site 7/17/18)

Essential Ingredients for a Walkable, Compact Town Center (uploaded to this site 7/16/18)

Does Traffic Calming Increase Air Pollution? (uploaded to this site 7/12/18)

The Backlash Against Road Diets (uploaded to this site 7/9/18)

Asking Candidates for Elected Office About Proper Transportation Design (uploaded to this site 7/9/18)

How Can Quality of Life and Sustainability Advocates Galvanize Support for Their Cause? (uploaded to this site 7/5/18)

Who is neglected more? Pedestrians or Bicyclists? (uploaded to this site 7/2/18)

A Weed in Eden (uploaded to this site 6/29/18)

Boulder’s Outdated Progressive-ism on Transportation and Land Use (uploaded to this site 6/25/18)

Lessons Boulder Needs to Learn (uploaded to this site 6/22/18)

Boulder is Behind the Times in Transportation (uploaded to this site 6/19/18)

Boulder and Vision Zero (uploaded to this site 6/18/18)

It Is Time for Boulder to Put Road Safety Redesign Plans on Hold (uploaded to this site 6/4/18)

Primary Concerns about the Boulder Transportation Plan (uploaded to this site 6/1/18)

Sounding the Alarm About Traffic Safety in Boulder

How to Better Manage the Influx of In-Commuters to Boulder